In the field of orthopedic surgery, board exam pass rates vary greatly depending on whether a candidate is seeking initial certification or recertification and whether he is taking the written or the oral portion of the exam. Initial certification candidates have a higher pass rate for the oral portion of the exam, typically falling in the upper-80% range. On the written portion of the exam, initial certification candidates have had a pass rate between 79 and 89% over the last five years. Interestingly, recertification candidates perform significantly better on the written portion of the exam, with 97-99% passing in the last five years. This group has a lower pass rate for the oral portion of the exam, with just a 66% pass rate in 2013.